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Trump and Biden

Trump and Biden: However, since taking office in January, the US has experienced a record flood of migrants at its southern border, triggering widespread criticism of the administration’s policy.

On Tuesday, Mr Biden’s Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas told US senators that two million “encounters” between government agents and migrants near the border are expected by the end of 2021, including about 125,000 unaccompanied minors who have already been taken into the government’s care.

Trump and Biden Official Meeting on the Issues of Social Causes

Trump and Biden

Mr Mayorkas frequently defended the Biden administration’s handling of immigration and border issues during a tense meeting with the Senate Judiciary Committee.

However, he acknowledged that fixing “a flawed immigration system” will take time.

Will things deteriorate before they improve?

The following is what we know so far regarding the situation.

Why is there such a rise under Biden? | Trump and Biden

While the number of migrants at the border has been slowly rising since April 2020, it increased dramatically after Vice President Biden assumed office.

During the pandemic, economic issues in Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Cuba intensified, leading some people to embark on a risky trek north. Gangs and violence have also been cited as reasons for some people’s departure from their homes.

Some speculated that the incoming US president would take a more flexible approach to the border than his predecessor, Donald Trump.

Mr Biden has regularly warned migrants, especially asylum seekers, not to try the voyage to the United States, despite avoiding Mr Trump’s language.

Despite a minor decrease in September, the number of migrant interactions is still up by roughly 33% from the 144,000 recorded in May 2019 – the highest figure under Trump’s presidency.

The number of youngsters crossing the border has also increased dramatically.

How do they enter the United States?

Migrants enter the United States in one of two methods. Those who feel they have been persecuted or risk being persecuted in their home country are eligible to ask for asylum when they arrive at a port of entry for entry into the United States.

Others may hide in cars or drive unobserved across vulnerable – and often hazardous – portions of the US-Mexico border to avoid border inspectors.

According to the Pew Research Center, at least 40% of undocumented migrants in the country came legitimately on short-term visas and then overstayed their visas.

Biden explains why he supports Trump’s policies

On Covid, Mr Biden maintained a Trump-era emergency policy of instantly expelling practically all unlawful migrants seeking entrance, circumventing normal immigration procedures and regulations.

Officials said the policy, known as Title 42, is meant at preventing the spread of Covid-19 in detention centres.

When the Biden administration utilised Title 42 to deport over 4,000 Haitian migrants imprisoned at the Texas border city of Del Rio in September, it generated outrage.

Why are there so many Haitians at the border between the United States and Mexico?

Civil rights groups have contended that the Trump-era policy breaches current US asylum laws, which the Biden administration has defended in court. Mr Biden’s own Democratic Party politicians have also come out against the strategy.

The prohibition will stay in effect until the spread of Covid by non-citizens no longer poses a “severe threat” to public health, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Every 60 days, it intends to assess the situation.

In contrast to President Trump and Biden,  Vice President Biden has opted not to bar unaccompanied youngsters and some families from entering the country.

Families are being separated

A transformation in how the government handles migrant families has been one of the most significant adjustments in border policy under Mr Biden.

Under Mr Trump’s “zero-tolerance” policy, US officials split up families, with parents being deported back to their home countries without their children in some circumstances.

Mr Biden has reversed that approach, and some families have been reunited, but not all.

According to the president’s task force, 3,913 children were separated from their parents.

Court filing authorities were still seeking to contact the parents of 303 children who had been removed from their families as of September.

Children who are separated from their parents

As required by US anti-trafficking legislation, Mr Biden’s administration has been sending non-Mexican youngsters to government-run shelters.

Critics of the government previously said that detaining children in those facilities was reminiscent of a Trump-era approach, even though children were held for shorter periods under Mr Biden.

After being transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for temporary resettlement, the number of children held in detention facilities dropped by nearly 90% in May.

A policy of remaining in Mexico | Trump and Biden

Mr Biden’s administration cancelled a controversial Trump-era policy that required asylum claimants to wait in Mexico for their US immigration hearings on his first day in office.

Since its inception in January 2019, the initiative, dubbed “Remain in Mexico,” has enrolled nearly 70,000 migrants.

In February, the Biden administration began progressively processing these would-be asylum claimants, enabling them to enter the United States while their claims were being considered.

It has since permitted approximately 13,000 people to enter the country while their cases are being resolved.

The proposal has been the subject of protracted court battles.

After two states sued the Biden administration, a federal judge ruled that discontinuing the Remain in Mexico programme was illegal in August.

Overturned the judgement on appeal, but Texas’ attorney general launched a lawsuit in late September to force the Trump and Biden administration to reinstate the policy.

A fence along the border

On his first day in office, Vice President Biden issued an order halting all wall building and ending the national emergency declaration on the southern border.

He then ordered that military monies used for the project by Mr Trump be reallocated, prompting a Republican-led investigation into whether Mr Biden had improperly redirected congressionally approved funds.

Despite the hiatus, property owners near the border have protested that the government is still attempting to seize properties for future construction through the eminent domain process.

Hundreds of more eminent domain lawsuits filed by the federal government are still pending, and the courts’ decisions could take years.

Because construction had continued right up to Mr Biden’s order to halt, some wall construction sites had been unexpectedly abandoned, with building materials scattered around.

Cap on refugees | Trump and Biden

The US Department of State said on September 27 that for the fiscal year that began on October 1, the government intends to boost the number of refugees permitted into the country to 125,000.

Mr Biden has made good on one of his campaign promises. During his presidential campaign, Mr Biden slammed Mr Trump’s decision to set the yearly refugee cap at 15,000, a historic low.

In April, Mr Biden shocked his fans by declaring that he would admit just 15,000 migrants to the United States in 2021. Mr Trump admitted setting the yearly refugee ceiling the year before. Following widespread public outcry, he increased the number of refugees to 62,500.

He accepted proximately 110,000 refugees to the United States during President Barack Obama’s final year in office.

Mr Biden also called for an end to limits on resettlements from Somalia, Syria, and Yemen and additional refugees from Africa, the Middle East, and Central America.

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